All our virgin cotton is grown with organic practices, eliminating the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides and GMO seeds.
When we scrutinized fabric fibers to determine their environmental impact, we thought that cotton was “pure” and “natural,” because it was made from a plant. We were right about the plant. However, very little is pure or natural about cotton when it is raised conventionally. We learned this in the early 1990s when we started looking more closely into our cotton supply chains. At that time, 10% of all agricultural chemicals in the United States were used to produce cotton that was grown on just 1% of all major agricultural land. Every year, conventional cotton crops in California alone were doused with 6.9 million pounds of chemicals. And research showed that extensive and intensive use of synthetic fertilizers, soil additives, defoliants and other substances wreak terrible havoc on soil, water, air and many, many living things. The alternative to this is to eliminate synthetic chemical use and instead use organically grown cotton.
Where We Are
Patagonia first started using exclusively 100% organic cotton in 1996. We added to that recycled cotton, cotton in conversion and Regenerative Organic Certification Pilot Cotton.
Farmers who grow their cotton without harmful chemicals reduce their reliance on big agrochemical companies like Bayer-Monsanto and Syngenta, and reduce the exposure of farmworkers to potentially toxic and carcinogenic compounds. Organically farmed cotton employs nature-based solutions to manage pests and build healthy soil, instead of the synthetic pesticides, herbicides, defoliants, fertilizers and GMO seeds used to grow conventional cotton. These methods support biodiversity and healthy ecosystems, improve the quality of soil and often use less water.
Compared to conventional cotton, there is a 45% reduction in CO2e and 87% reduction in water as a result of growing organic cotton.
To encourage more farmers to transition to organic cotton, we’ve introduced cotton in conversion, which allows farms growing cotton organically to sell their crop while they are in the process of getting certified. Cotton in conversion follows the strict organic certification requirements through a multi-year journey. Our support of this crop rewards the efforts of farmers who are committed to reaching organic cotton certification, and helps them stay on the path to organic. Our first line of clothes made with cotton in conversion will launch in Spring 2020.
And to take our commitment even further, we’ve piloted our first crop of cotton on farms working toward the highest standard— Regenerative Organic Certification—which aims to rehabilitate soil, respect animal welfare, and improve the lives of farmers.